An experiment conducted at the Conservatory of Milan could spark new light on how musicians learn to play. The study examined the response of the brain of 24 musicians while they were watching videos violinists and clarinetists playing. In some videos the pitch of the audio was different from what the musician in the video was playing. The data collected show the presence of mirror neurons that may encode multimodal representations of musical gestures and sounds. These systems may underlie the ability to learn how to play a musical instrument.